The aircraft fuel system is paramount for standard flight operations to be carried out, ensuring that fuel and air is properly mixed and combusted for driving systems and creating propulsion. Two of the most important aspects of an aircraft fuel system are aircraft engine fuel and fuel metering systems, both of which pilots need to understand for proper operations to be carried out. In this blog, we will discuss aircraft engine fuel and fuel metering systems, allowing you to understand the various types that benefit aviation.


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While you may have heard of a drivetrain, you may not be familiar with how it works. The term is often used interchangeably to also refer to powertrain or driveline equipment. A drivetrain includes the transmission, driveshaft, axles, and wheels. With this in mind, the drivetrain works in tandem with the engine to rotate the wheels. As movement is a vehicle’s primary function, the drivetrain system is an essential component to such structures.


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Screws are a common fastener used for the assembly of parts, typically being used for wood, sheet metal, and plastic. Screws are notable for their helical ridge, allowing them to be self-threading as they are driven into a surface and pull materials together. In order to install a screw, one needs a tool that matches the head of the fastener. Screw heads can come in numerous styles, those being chosen for a functional or decorative purpose. In this blog, we will discuss the primary types of screw heads, allowing you to better understand how such fasteners are used.


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When discussing bias in relation to diodes and circuitry, one is referring to the establishment of current sets or voltages at various points of an electronic circuit for the means of promoting specific operating conditions for a component. With a standard diode, current may only flow in a single direction, meaning that forward bias will permit flow in a forward direction while reverse bias will impede voltage. With Zener diodes, on the other hand, reverse voltage is impeded until a specific threshold is met, at which point conduction will begin in the reverse direction. To help you better understand the Zener diode and how it differs from standard types, we will discuss its functionality and how it affects the general operations of a circuit.


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Typically utilized for internal combustion engines, starter motors are an essential mechanism that functions to get an engine up and running. Due to the way energy is created within a combustion engine, engaging any pistons within the power unit requires the use of a starter motor. Generating movement through the use of inertia produced by components allowing the engine to intake air, starter motors can be found in electric, pneumatic, or hydraulic types. In detail, we will go over how a starter motor functions and why they are employed within vehicles.


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Cylinder heads and their parts are items that function together to form a structurally reliable unit fit for fuel combustion and heat applications. Commonly constructed with a head gasket, intake & exhaust ports, cylinder head valves, combustion chambers, fuel injectors, camshafts, spark plugs, and various smaller components, cylinder head assemblies are what gives an engine life. Within this blog, we will go into detail about the major parts within a cylinder head and how they are constructed to power internal combustion engines.


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A centrifugal pump is a common component of fluid transportation applications, and such devices move fluids through the conversion of rotational kinetic energy to hydrodynamic energy. With the use of an engine or electrical motor, the rotational energy needed for the pump’s operations can be supplied for accelerating fluids so that they flow radially outward into a diffuser or volute chamber. While centrifugal pump parts commonly serve many pumping applications due to their high flow rate capabilities, their performance can be negatively affected by axial thrust.


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The brake system is the primary safety feature of any automobile. As such, it is crucial that you pay attention to its performance to ensure you can rely on your brakes to function properly. To give you a better understanding of your car’s braking system, this blog will cover its main components and their role within the system.


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A generator is a rotating electrical unit used to create power. Depending on its design, a generator can produce direct current (DC), alternating current (AC), or both. Their versatility and power make them a crucial part of many advanced systems, such as modern robotics. To carry out its function, there are many components that make up a generator. In this blog, we will discuss the most important parts of a generator.


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Bleed air, the compressed air that originates from the compressor section of a turbine or auxiliary power unit, is a critical component of jet engine functionality. Gas turbine engineers use bleed air in many different ways throughout an aircraft to improve its efficiency. In fact, the successful distribution of bleed air is vital to the operation of an aircraft. To do this, air bleed valves have a critical role. Because bleed air valves have to be reliable even at extreme temperatures and in dry conditions, they are primarily made from carbon graphite. This material is a popular choice due to its ability to lubricate rubbing components.


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