Aviation is the most authentic example of a high-reliability industry, with every element being explicitly designed to support safety and prevent hazards. One such safety measure that is often underappreciated is the arrangement of runway lights, which are universally similar and help pilots land the aircraft in a variety of conditions. In this blog, we will discuss how runway lights are structured and how the various colors help pilots in the landing sequence.


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An aircraft ground power unit supplies electricity to systems when the pilot turns off the jet engines and parks the plane at the aircraft stand. The aircraft’s electricity requirements and domestic electricity requirements are not the same. Generally, the standard requirement of an aircraft is to have a 110/220 Volt and 50/60 HZ power supply, while a smaller aircraft like a business model will require a 115 Volt and 400 Hz power supply. For private jets, 28 Volts DC supply is the most common.


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The aircraft fuel system is paramount for standard flight operations to be carried out, ensuring that fuel and air is properly mixed and combusted for driving systems and creating propulsion. Two of the most important aspects of an aircraft fuel system are aircraft engine fuel and fuel metering systems, both of which pilots need to understand for proper operations to be carried out. In this blog, we will discuss aircraft engine fuel and fuel metering systems, allowing you to understand the various types that benefit aviation.


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Typically utilized for internal combustion engines, starter motors are an essential mechanism that functions to get an engine up and running. Due to the way energy is created within a combustion engine, engaging any pistons within the power unit requires the use of a starter motor. Generating movement through the use of inertia produced by components allowing the engine to intake air, starter motors can be found in electric, pneumatic, or hydraulic types. In detail, we will go over how a starter motor functions and why they are employed within vehicles.


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A centrifugal pump is a common component of fluid transportation applications, and such devices move fluids through the conversion of rotational kinetic energy to hydrodynamic energy. With the use of an engine or electrical motor, the rotational energy needed for the pump’s operations can be supplied for accelerating fluids so that they flow radially outward into a diffuser or volute chamber. While centrifugal pump parts commonly serve many pumping applications due to their high flow rate capabilities, their performance can be negatively affected by axial thrust.


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Bleed air, the compressed air that originates from the compressor section of a turbine or auxiliary power unit, is a critical component of jet engine functionality. Gas turbine engineers use bleed air in many different ways throughout an aircraft to improve its efficiency. In fact, the successful distribution of bleed air is vital to the operation of an aircraft. To do this, air bleed valves have a critical role. Because bleed air valves have to be reliable even at extreme temperatures and in dry conditions, they are primarily made from carbon graphite. This material is a popular choice due to its ability to lubricate rubbing components.


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An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear. On wheeled vehicles, the axle may be fixed to the wheels, rotating with them, or fixed to the vehicle with the wheels rotating around the axle. Generally speaking, there are three types of axles: rear, front, and stub axles. This blog will explain each of the three types and what makes them unique.


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Fuel oil has many various uses for both business and the home. Such examples of ways to use fuel are lighting up the engine for a vehicle, heating up a home, producing steam to generate electrical energy, etc. Fuel, which can also go by the names of home heating oil, kerosene, coal oil, and diesel fuel, is produced from liquids that are burnable and that are derived from crude oil. It can be used to power engines, heaters, stoves, lanterns and more. 


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When people think of diesel engines, they often compare them with the standard gasoline engine and picture a sootier and noisier engine. While diesel has the advantage and capabilities to haul large shipments over long distances, this tendency to produce more smoke and noise turns the majority of consumers off. Not only that but they have become strongly associated with trucks and large vehicles. Overall diesel engines are more efficient and thanks to advancements in technology, are steadily more cleaner and less noisier. In this article, we will look closely at diesel engine parts and their various functions.


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There are strong advantages and disadvantages for fixed wing aircraft and rotary wing aircraft and depending on what you need, each have their respectable purpose and utility. A fixed wing aircraft would be your basic airplane, utilizing wings, the airspeed generated from forward motion, and wing design and shape to create lift and thus flight. A rotary wing aircraft, such as a helicopter, uses rotary wings or rotor blades that revolve around the mast to create lift and flight. The projected distance from point A to point B, capacity needs of cargo and supply, weather conditions like strong winds, the environment in which take off takes place, how much time is allowed to reach said destination, and flight demands once in the air, all are determining factors in deciding which aircraft is better suited for a pilot’s mission at hand.


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